Camponotus sansabeanus

Camponotus sansabeanus


Latin name: Camponotus sansabeanus

Taxonomy: Subfamily: Formicinae, Tribe: Camponotini

Care level: Beginner

Geographic distribution: South Western United States region 


Habitat: semi-desert, forest edge

Colony form: Monogyne  (rare polygyne cases have been seen in the wild)

Queen: Size: 17 - 18mm Color: Head and thorax black and orange-brown gaster

Workers: Size: 7 - 12mm Color: Head and thorax black and orange-brown gaster

Major: Size 15 - 17mm Color: Head and thorax black and orange-brown gaster

Male: Size: 13mm Color: Black

Food: Nectar (biformica nectar) Honey and insects: fruit flies, dubia roaches, crickets, mealworms, mosquitoes(in the wild) ; also fruits.

Humidity: Hunting area: 30 - 50% Nest: 40 - 60%

Temperature: Hunting area: 20 - 32 ° C Nest: 24-28 ° C

Hibernation: Yes compulsory from November to March between 12 and 15 degrees. In captivity simply removing heat for a month or two for hibernation is typically enough.

Nest type: All types of nests will suit them such as plaster/gypsum, tubs and tubes setups plexiglass/acrylic, naturalistic setups and reconstituted stone.

Description: Camponotus sansabeanus is one of the largest Camponotus in the United States with a unique color in the genus, slow evolution in the first year followed by rapid colony growth. They are very sought after for their beautiful colors, impressive majors and easy level of care.

Development: Swarming from April to July

Foundation: Fully Claustral (without food) Development: 45 days from egg to worker (depending on temperature)

Size of the colony: A few hundred individuals to a couple thousand, the queen can reach the age of 20 years or more in some cases.

Care Tips: Provide a warm spot within the nest for the colony to choose the best temperature to speed up their brood’s growth. Always provide humidity in one of area of the nest and a dry area nearest to the heated area to establish a gradient for your ants to choose what’s best for them. Dubia roaches seem to be this species preferred source of protein followed by fruit flies. They are also quite fond of byFormica Sunburst Ant Nectar and a constant supply is recommended. As a matter of fact, all of our ant colonies here at Ants Emporium are raised exclusively on byFormica Sunburst Ant Nectar so don’t forget to add a bottle to your cart! A byFormica liquid feeder is also recommended to provide a steady source of carbohydrates to your ants without having to disturb your colony on a regular basis.  A true hibernation for this species is typically not required and simply removing their heat source for a couple months is usually enough. If your colony’s brood production slows down in the winter and the workers have begun fattening up, remove their heat source for 10-12 weeks so the nest is at a cooler room temp and continue caring for them as you normally would, however, protein will usually be ignored during this time. This short break in heat will kick start their brood production once it is offered back to them. These hibernation instructions have been developed for the Texas population of Camponotus sansabeanus which don’t require nearly as long of a diapause/hibernation as other Northern populations.  Always use a slippery barrier such as fluon to help contain this species.